The CloudOps
Glossary for
AWS and Azure

The basics and best practices you need to know for cloud management.

Glossary-Of-Terms

How to Audit AWS Security Groups

You can audit security groups using the AWS Firewall Manager tool. On the Firewall Manager dashboard, you can identify weak rules that allow the most traffic. The next step is to limit these rules. The purpose of auditing is to reduce external attacks...

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How to Manage AWS Costs

Here are easy steps on how to manage your AWS costs. The Cost Management Center gives visibility on how costs vary with time. Once you familiarize yourself with the cost management panel, managing AWS costs will be easy. Use resource tags to track the usage of multiple projects. As you navigate the dashboard, explore each menu, and see how it can help you manage AWS costs. After gaining visibility, use these steps...

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How to Optimize AWS Costs

You can optimize AWS costs by tracking usage costs, analyzing the data, and finding opportunities to save and optimize. Track usage costs with AWS Cost Explorer. Use Cost Explorer to identify high-cost accounts. You can check this weekly, monthly, or yearly. This way, you’ll identify high-cost services within each account. AWS uses reports to show expenses per service, even for multiple accounts...

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How to Perform an AWS Security Audit

You can perform an AWS Security Audit by reviewing several elements of the cloud, including: Identity Access Management (IAM) Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) and S3 To do an AWS Security Audit, begin with basic questions, such as: Is the user authorized? Are data protected? Are the passwords secure enough?...

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How to Reduce Data Transfer Costs in AWS

There are several methods users can utilize to reduce data transfer costs. These methods include limiting transfers in one AWS region, using Amazon CloudFront, and using cost allocation tags. Keeping data transfers in one AWS region avoids multiple charges. While Amazon CloudFront moves data at maximum speed, it has low latency, making it a more cost-efficient method...

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What Is Amazon Web Services (AWS) Compliance?

AWS compliance is a program helping businesses meet popular cybersecurity controls. Standard security institutions usually set these controls. The AWS compliance program allows companies in regulated industries to meet international security standards. These standards include protocols from NIST, HIPAA, and GDPR. The program’s shared security responsibility framework helps users manage any risks that could arise...

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What Is an AWS Well-Architected Review?

Cloud users can now leverage the AWS Well-Architected Review to reveal vital system issues before launching a product. The AWS Well-Architected Review covers all dimensions of a good system, including operational excellence, reliability, and cost optimization. Other areas that need review include performance, efficiency, and security...

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Amazon Spot Instance Pricing

AWS Spot Instance pricing depends on the kind of Spot Instance and unique usage requirements. For an On-Demand model, discounts go up to 89 percent off. Reserved Instances, on the other hand, have discounts rooted in a commitment. Users commit to paying a given price for their Spot Instance usage. Because of the dynamic nature of the cloud, Spot Instance pricing varies based on demand, usage patterns, and time...

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What Is An EBS Volume?

An Elastic Block Storage (EBS) Volume hosts virtual data in segments. It’s like a storage disk with the ability to contain various sizes of data. These virtual storage devices usually replicate within one AWS region to increase their availability. EBS volumes provide additional storage for EC2 instances, similar to a hard drive. Like physical hard disks, it’s critical to manage EBS volumes as they affect your AWS bill. Because of volatile cloud storage, EBS volumes provide a suitable alternative to permanent and robust storage...

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Does AWS Charge for Bandwidth?

AWS charges hourly prices by bandwidth for outbound data transfers. Bandwidth costs are substantial for network-intensive workloads, such as web crawling, IoT, real-time communication, audio and video streaming, and gaming. These processes make up the majority of your cloud computing costs...

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When to Use Spot Instances

You can use Spot Instances to purchase extra computing power at a discounted price to supplement On-Demand Instances. They are a more affordable option than On-Demand EC2 pricing. Flexible and fault-tolerant applications and high-performance workloads use them. Spot Instances are also ideal for flexible workloads, such as rendering, testing applications, and continuous integrations (CI)...

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How to Real-Time Manage AWS Cloud

With modern applications, it is possible to real-time manage the AWS cloud. AWS cloud engineers can use Amazon CloudWatch, a dashboard that displays real-time activities. It stores computer data for a reasonable period. Real-time monitoring and management can help to instantly identify activities that threaten the security of your cloud system...

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How to Use Spot Instances

Here’s how to use Spot Instances. Begin by creating an instance request from your account. Alternatively, users can send a request to AWS, which will create an EC2 instance for you. A time frame known as “spot blocks” will later complete these spot-price requests. This AWS feature can also run for a long time without interruption...

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What Is the AWS Well-Architected Framework?

The AWS Well-Architected Framework is a set of five strategic pillars used by the AWS internal team to evaluate cloud systems. Amazon released the architecture to give AWS customers secure and efficient systems on the cloud. In addition, the AWS Well-Architected Framework provides design best practices across each pillar to ensure users meet the five objectives...

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What are AWS Credits?

AWS credits are promotional coupons offered through the AWS Activate program. You can apply AWS credits to your account to cover various eligible AWS service usage bills. Amazon understands that startups need technology resources to host core businesses, and that’s achievable through AWS credits...

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How to Delete Terminated EC2 Instances in AWS

To delete terminated EC2 Instances, locate the instance you want to delete in the EC2 Console under the Instances page. Click on the instance and select the Terminate option. Once you’ve selected “terminate,” you will receive a pop-up confirmation.

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How to Change Security Group in AWS EC2 Instance

To change an AWS EC2 instance’s security group, open the Amazon EC2 Console and Select “Instances.” Click “Change Security Groups” under “Actions” and select the security group to assign an instance. You can remove pre-existing security groups by choosing “Remove” then save.

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How to Launch Spot Instances?

You can launch Spot Instances by creating a Spot Instance request. A Spot Instance request specifies the desired maximum hourly rate, availability zones, and type and number of Instances. Amazon EC2 automatically accepts your request, as long as the maximum set price exceeds the price of the Spot Instance. 

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How to Purchase Reserved Instances AWS?

You can purchase Reserved Instances through the AWS Management Console or by using EC2 API (Elastic Compute Cloud Application Program Interface) tools. To purchase instances, log in to the AWS Management Console and choose EC2 under the AWS (Amazon Web Services) menu. Click on “Reserved Instances” on the left navigation pane and select “Purchase Reserved Instances.” Set your preferred instance type, payment option, class, and term length and confirm your purchase.

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What are Security Groups in AWS?

AWS (Amazon Web Services) security groups are virtual firewalls that dictate traffic for your EC2 (elastic compute cloud) instances. They provide security at the port and protocol level, acting as the first layer of defense against malicious attackers. AWS security groups function in the same manner as firewalls, but with more advanced capabilities. They contain a set of rules that filter both incoming and outgoing traffic for an EC2 instance, which gives additional security for your business.

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What is AWS Tagging?

AWS (Amazon Web Services) Tagging is the process of allocating labels or tags on resources for easier identification, management, organization, and filtering. 

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What is Cloud Cost Optimization?

Cloud cost optimization is a collection of strategies involving right-sizing resources, computing scale, and data transfer costs that help reduce your cloud spend.

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How AWS S3 Works

AWS (Amazon Web Services) S3 (Simple Storage Service) is a highly scalable, flexible, accessible storage service that stores data as objects within buckets. It provides object-level storage for user data, unlike traditional file storage.

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What Does Cloud-Agnostic Mean?

Cloud-agnostic refers to technology that is compatible with different cloud infrastructures. This technology can be moved from one cloud environment to the other without disruptions. 

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What is Multi-Cloud?

Multi-cloud is the process of distributing cloud assets across numerous cloud providers. It involves combining multiple cloud vendors to achieve business efficiency, optimal costs, and higher flexibility.

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What is Multi-Cloud Security?

Multi-cloud security is the process of protecting multiple cloud environments where you’ve built your applications. It includes a set of policies, solutions, and strategies that an organization implements to enhance the safety of its cloud environments.

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How to Monitor Azure Cloud Services?

The best way to monitor Azure Cloud services is to use various monitoring tools like Azure Monitor or third-party tools like nOps. Monitoring tools take a log of vital cloud metrics and traces. They analyze cloud data from various services and can fire off critical alerts so you stay up-to-date.

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Does Azure Have Spot Instances?

Azure has Spot Instances to help users cheaply access unused cloud capacity. These Spot Instances are also known as Azure Spot Virtual Machines (VMs). Azure Spot Virtual Machines are highly volatile and commonly used for fault-tolerant workloads.

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What is Required to Use Azure Cost Management?

Azure Cost Management is a cluster of tools that reduce inefficiencies that may lead to a cost spike. With this built-in tool, Azure users can explore how they use resources and the cost associated with each service. Users can also break down their reports by time, service, organization, and much more.

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What is Azure Cloud?

Microsoft provides Azure Cloud and it is arguably the second leading cloud platform provider after AWS (Amazon Web Services). Microsoft Azure's goal is to help its users build solutions that solve our everyday problems at an affordable cost.

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What is Azure Reserved Instance?

Azure Reserved Instances (RI) are Virtual Machines (VM) usually reserved for Azure cloud users who make a long-term one to three-year commitment. With Azure RIs, users pay 72%-80% less for compute capacity than if they use pay-as-you-go prices.

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What is Microsoft Azure Used For?

Microsoft Azure is cloud computing platform operating publicly that provides a range of services, including compute, data storage, analytics, and more. It provides solutions such as Platform as a Service (PaaS), Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), and Software as a Service (SaaS).

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What is Azure Stack?

Azure Stack is a suite of tools that enable you to build and run applications across edge locations, data centers, and remote offices. It extends cloud capabilities and services to your desired environment. It allows you to run hybrid and edge computing apps with the flexibility of diverse workloads across your IT environment.

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What is Azure DevOps?

Azure DevOps provides a wide range of tools to facilitate DevOps, including monitoring, artifact repositories, CI/CD tools, and more. Azure DevOps provides an environment that combines a wide range of services designed to streamline DevOps within an organization.

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How to Manage Multiple AWS Accounts

You can manage multiple AWS accounts with AWS Organizations or AWS Control Tower. AWS Organizations give AWS users the ability to manage multiple accounts from a central point. The AWS Control Tower gives you a pre-build multi-account framework to easily set up numerous accounts.

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Which AWS Service Provides Infrastructure Security Optimization Recommendation?

The AWS (Amazon Web Services) Trusted Advisor provides recommendations for security and infrastructure optimization. These recommendations help you follow AWS best practices, so you can reduce costs, improve security, enhance performance, and optimize your infrastructure.

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Is AWS RDS Fully Managed?

AWS Relational Database Service (RDS) is a product from AWS for managing relational databases. It facilitates setting up, operating, managing, and scaling relational Instances of a cloud database. It supports multiple databases to organize and store data.

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How to Deploy Application in Azure Cloud

ASP.NET core applications run and scale with Linux-based and Windows environments. Here is a detailed process on how to create and publish ASP.NET applications into Azure:

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What is AWS Billing and Cost Management?

AWS Billing and Cost Management is a set of tools and services to help ease cloud spend and billing activities. AWS has three main clusters under Billing and Cost Management. These include billing, cost management, and usage reports.

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How Much Does Azure Cost?

Azure has different costs depending on the type of service, location, level of capacity needed, and level of management. When using Azure, you ought to pay for each service depending on usage. There are different prices for Virtual Machines, Networks, Storage, and managed disks.

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How to Give IAM User Access to AWS Management Console

To give AWS users access to the AWS management console, create a password for each user who needs access. The users can access through your IAM-enabled account sign-in page. They can either sign in as an IAM user or root user.

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What is AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)?

AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) uses a set of tools, policies, processes, and protocols used to manage identities and control access to resources within AWS. IAM allows admins to manage permissions to systems and the workforce.

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How to Manage AWS Servers

The best way to manage AWS Servers is using the AWS System Manager. The tool can help manage AWS EC2 servers, Virtual Machines, servers from other cloud providers, and even on-premise servers.

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What is Amazon AWS Management Console?

The AWS Management Console is, in short, a web application that allows you to access all AWS resources. Through the AWS Management Console, you can view all resources and workloads. You can access different services, manage your billing, manage security credentials, and more.

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What is Azure Active Directory?

Azure Active Directory is an identity and access management service offered by Microsoft Azure. It provides administrators the capability to manage who can access resources on Azure, as well as managing end-user identity.

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What is Azure Data Factory?

Azure Data Factory (ADF) is a cloud-native service for data integration. It creates ETL (Extract, Transfer, Load) and ELT (Extract, Load, Transform) pipelines, allowing data to move between on premise and cloud environments.

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What is Azure Functions?

Azure Functions is a serverless computing service providing businesses both an updated infrastructure and resources to run your applications without having to provide the underlying infrastructure. It allows a quick and less costly application development process.

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